Margaret Fountaine

1862-1940

Margaret Fountaine, diarist, lepidopterist (a person interested in butterflies and moths) and adventurer, was born on 16 May 1862 at South Acre, the eldest daughter of John Fountaine, rector of South Acre, and his wife, Mary Isabella. After John’s death in 1877, the family moved to Eaton Grange in Norwich. On 15 April 1878 Margaret, who was educated at home, began keeping a diary, which she continued until her death.

Following a bequest in 1891 that allowed her to travel, she found her true vocation in collecting butterflies. She travelled in Europe, the Middle and Near East, Africa, Australia, New Zealand, United States, Fiji, Burma, South America, India, Ceylon. Margaret refused to ride side-saddle, and accompanied only by a guide or translator ventured intrepidly into remote areas. She had an unconventional (for the time) relationship with her guide (Khalil Neimy) who accompanied her on her travels.

The Fountaine–Neimy collection of about 22,000 butterflies, the result of her extensive travels, was bequeathed to the Castle Museum in Norwich, together with a sealed box with the instructions for it not to be opened until 1978. When opened the box was found to contain twelve volumes of her diaries (1878–1939). Her carefully drawn sketchbooks of larvae and pupae, many previously un-described, are in the Natural History Museum, South Kensington. Together they provide an important insight into a Victorian female naturalist who collected in, and wrote about, sixty countries on six continents over fifty years.

Find out more: You can see Margaret’s baptism record at the Norfolk Record Office – NRO, PD 411/58.

 

An image of NRO, PD 411/58,  Margaret's baptism record. Parish records of Southacre, baptism register 1813-1996
NRO, PD 411/58, Margaret’s baptism record. Parish records of Southacre, baptism register 1813-1996

 

 

 

Created in 2014 by UEA Film, Media and Television students Holly Cook, Siavash Moghaddam Manesh and Huy Nguyen Bui Le.

 

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s